Microwaves are a part of the electromagnetic spectrum smaller than radio waves and can be used in microwave ovens to heat your food or in wireless networks to connect your computer to your printer. The advancements in this field have led to much of the wireless technology enjoyed today and many home hobbyists have started building their own units to better understand them.
Microwaves are somewhat limited in distance because the waves do not bend to follow the curve of the earth or refract around structures and landscape. This means that they are usually used in point-to-point communications and can carry voice, video and data. These waves can also be used to heat various items because they can transmit thermal energy, for decades this was the most popular application of the technology because it is a quick and easy way to heat food. To use microwave technology you will need some basic components such as a 182 degree hybrid combiner, capacitors and conductors. Depending on your projects, you may also need transmitters, receivers and other items. Most mobile electronics devices have microstrip circuits for sending and receiving these types of waves.
The two main applications of microwave technology are in communications and heat transmission. You can find the technology in kitchen appliances, wireless networks and even in popular children’s toys. Because of the advancement of technology, microwaves are often used in radar applications, even though the name comes from RAdio Detection And Ranging, and Doppler radar. This is used to help predict weather patterns and guide commercial and military aircraft during flight. Industrial food, materials and food processing uses microwave heat transmission for both continuous and batch operations.
Microwave technology is just about everywhere you look and advancements in this field have led to everything from easier food prep to wireless networks. This means you can cast a movie from your phone to your television as well as cook your popcorn with electromagnetic waves smaller than radio waves and bigger than the visual spectrum.…